Driving Innovative Renewable Energy Project Globally
Geothermal energy in Vietnam has great potential. To date research has shown that Vietnam has more than 200 sources of hot water at temperatures of 40-100 degrees centigrade that provides this Southeast Asian country necessary basis for developing prospective geothermal energy projects.
However the geothermal energy industry of Vietnam is still under-developed, and mostly remains at the researching stage. The South Central Coast has the most potential area with the expected total energy is 127MW can be exploited for multi-utilization.
There are 14 of 72 resources with predicted energy of more than 3MW. The geothermal resources with high potential are Mo Duc: 3.9MW, Thach Bich: 2.9MW, Phu Sen: 4.2MW, Tu Bong: 3.8MW, Hoc Chim 4.2MW, Danh Thanh 3.5MW and Binh Chau: 8.4MW. The deep temperatures of the resources are changed between from 1100C to 2000C.
The geothermal resources with high energy in south central are usually exposed in the coastal plain in the direction of North to South from Quangnam - Danang to Baria - Vungtau. They distributed at the conjunction between the deep faults of structural zonalization that is the sub-parallel faults and the young faults of Vungtau – Phan Rang oriented at East – North and Sub-parallel.
Geo-Thermal & Water
Since late 2014 to August 2016, a serious drought has been impacting the South Central Coast, Central Highlands and Southern regions of Vietnam.
Lower than average rainfall and very high temperatures throughout 2015 further exacerbated the situation. In the first half of 2015, nine provinces were seriously affected in the South Central Coast, Central highlands and Southern Vietnam (Quang Tri, Binh Dinh, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Gia Lai, Nghe An, Kon Tum). Among these, three provinces declared the emergency situation in June 2015 (Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan and Nghe An).
For the past three months, the ongoing drought, water shortage and salt intrusion have posed a significant risk to some 1.75 million people in the South-Central regions, Central Highlands and Mekong Delta regions of Vietnam.
A total of 39 out of the 63 provinces (62 per cent) of Viet Nam have been affected and 12 provinces have declared a State of Emergency (Binh Thuan, Ben Tre, Vinh Long, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Tra Vinh, Tien Giang, Long An, Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Ninh Thuan, Kien Giang)
If we look at the above provinces & towns in the south central region with greatest geo-thermal potential we note that these are the same cities where there has been an horrific drought.
These drought affected provinces are keen to put into place strategies which will provide them with water & food security in the future. To this achieve this goal, the VREC is keen to combine Geo-Thermal Power Plants with water Desal & purification projects.